Essays By Ekowa


The Dravidians Sudanese /Ethiopian Indians

Africa extended into what is now called India. The Dravidians or original peoples sometimes referred to as Dalits are Ethiopians/Africans. The term Dalits means Bound and the name may have been given to them by those who enslaved them and put them in a racist caste system at the lowest levels. the Dalits or Dravidians were the indigenous peoples of India or the Eastern Ethiopians or Eastern Africans. 

"The distinction between the black-skinned Sudroid races of southern India and the fair-skinned Aryan races of northern India is not an invention of English colonialist historians; it is a feature mentioned by the earliest Greek travelers who visited south Asia centuries before the advent of Robert Clive.

The ancient Greeks considered the Africans and Sudras (modern Dalits and Dravidians) as belonging to the same `Ethiopian' stock. `Ethiopian' was the Greek word for `Negro', and Greek authors referred to the African Negroes as `Western Ethiopians' and to the Sudroids as `Eastern Ethiopians' (ie. Eastern Negroes) [ cf. Herodotus.VI.70 ]

Witness the following citation from Herodotus -

" The Eastern Ethiopians, [ ie. Sudras ] differed in nothing from the other Ethiopians, save in their language, and the character of their hair. For the Eastern Ethiopians have straight hair, while they of Libya are more woolly-haired than any other people in the world. "

" [I]n other respects India is not unlike Ethiopia, and the Indian rivers have crocodiles like the Ethiopian and Egyptian Nile; and some of the Indian rivers have fish and other large water animals like those of the Nile, save the river-horse: though Onesicritus states that they do have the river-horse also. The appearance of the inhabitants, too, is not so far different in India and Ethiopia; the southern Indians resemble the Ethiopians a good deal, and, are black of countenance, and their hair black also, only they are not as snub-nosed or so woolly-haired as the Ethiopians; but the northern Indians are most like the Egyptians in appearance. " Arrian, `Anabasis Alexandri, Book VIII (Indica),' Chapter 6, tr. E. Iliff Robson (1933)

The Two Ethiopia's: 

"I might almost say that the same animals are to be found in India as in Aethiopia and Egypt, and that the Indian rivers have all the other river animals except the hippopotamus, although Onesicritus says that the hippopotamus is also to be found in India. As for the people of India, those in the south are like the Aethiopians in colour, although they are like the rest in respect to countenance and hair (for on account of the humidity of the air their hair does not curl), whereas those in the north are like the Egyptians. "

It is sometimes alleged that these eminent historians are not referring to the Sudras in general, but only to the Pygmies of the Andamans. This theory is refuted by the following statement of the Periplus, which no doubt describes the tall and black Malabari Dravidians -

Beyond the gulf of Baraca is that of Barygaza and the coast of the country of Ariaca, which is the beginning of the Kingdom of Nambanus and of all India.

"That part of it lying inland and adjoining Scythia is called Abiria, but the coast is called Syrastrene. It is a fertile country, yielding wheat and rice and sesame oil and clarified butter, cotton and the Indian cloths made there from, of the coarser sorts. Very many cattle are pastured there, and the men are of great stature and black in color. The metropolis of this country is Minnagara, from which much cotton cloth is brought down to Barygaza. In these places there remain even to the present time signs of the expedition of Alexander, such as ancient shrines, walls of forts and great wells. The sailing course along this coast, from Barbaricum to the promontory called Papica opposite Barygaza, and before Astacampra, is of three thousand stadia. "Periplus.41

The Makran was referred to by the Greeks as `Gedrosia', ie. the land of the black people. Black Sudroids form a sizeable portion of the population in this region to this day, and formed one of the groups referred to as `East Ethiopians' [ Kondratov, p.145 ]. Indeed, several geographers considered India merely another extension of Ethiopia or Abyssinia -India as a whole originates from the north, embraces all the area which is Persian, and continues as far as Egypt and the lands of Ethiopia. "


The First to populate India

When we see pictures of Indians and India most of us have no knowledge of the Dravidians or Dalits, we see black people but somehow we do not relate to them as part f our family. 

The Caste system was instituted by the ruling Aryan class that invaded India. Here a some comments on that history:

"The Dravidians entered India before the Aryans, before 2000 B.C., after passing through Mesopotamia, Iran, and Baluchistan where the Brahuis, a Dravidian race, still live. On grounds of cultural affinities such as inheritance through women, snake cults, organization of society, and structure of temples, some historians connect the Dravidians with the Elamites and Mesopotamians. The evidence of Indian skulls from the Indus Valley indicates that the Mediter-ranean stock became established in north India before the Harappab Civilization came into existence around 2000 B.C."

"Of particular significance is archeologist B. B. Lal's contention that the Dravidians probably came from Nubia, Upper Egypt. This theory would give them among other things their Mediterranean features and dark complexion. Lal writes: "At Timos the Indian team dug up several megalithic sites of ancient Nubians which bear an uncanny resemblance to the cemeteries of early Dravidians which are found all over Western India from Kathiawar to Cape Comorin. The intriguing similarity extends from the subterranean structure found near them. Even the earthenware ring-stands used by the Dravidians and Nubians to hold pots were identical." According to Lal, the Nubian megaliths date from around 1000 B.C."

Here is an excerpt of an essay by Mukesh Paswan:

"Distorted Race Theory"

The term "distorted race theory" in application to the Dravidian movement, which is compared to Nazism and Hindutva. The latest genetic research, which conclusively proves that the Dravidians and Dalits belong to the same Negroid stock.

The poisonous casteism, which the Indian iconoclasts suffering from, is entirely Aryan and Brahmanic origin. Historians have conclusively established that caste did not exist in the pre-Aryan age. It was introduced by racist color-conscious Aryan invaders who wished to "maintain their racial purity" from "contamination" with native Dravidians.

During the Harappan Golden Age, that the Dravidians and Dalits existed as one people, known as `Sudras'. The division between Dravidians and Adi-Dravidians is purely artificial and the result of Aryan invasions, with the former choosing to adopting Aryan culture and submit as slaves to the Aryans and the latter battling the savage Aryans, retaining their freedom in the jungles. Adi-Dravida means - it means `Original Dravidian'.

`Dravida' is Sanskrit :

Dravida is of Sanskrit origin and the term `Sudra' and `Adi-Sudra' are now more in vogue for this very reason. The word `Sudra' is attested from the Vedic Dark Ages, and this word is of African origin, whilst the terms `Dravida' and `Dalit' are much later innovations. The following diagram shows how the Dravidian word `Sudra' is in fact derived from `Sudan' :

Sudan           ----> Sudra
(Central Africa)      (Black Indian Caste)


The word 'Hindu' has its origin in Sanskrit literature. In the Rig Veda, India was referred to as the country of'Sapta Sindhu', i.e. the country of seven great rivers. The word 'Sindhu' refers to rivers and sea and not merely to the specific river called the Sindhu (Indus), now in Pakistan. In Vedic Sanskrit, according to ancient dictionaries, 'sa' was pronounced as 'ha'. Thus 'Sapta Sindhu' was pronounced as 'Hapta Hindu'; similarly 'Saraswati' was pronounced as 'Haravyati' or 'Harahwati'. This is how the word 'Hindu' came into being. The ancient Persians also referred to India as 'Hapta Hind', as recorded in their ancient classic 'Bern Riyadh'. That is why some scholars came to believe that the word 'Hindu' had its origin in Persia. The Greeks who invaded India under Alexander the Great, dropped the 'H' completely and used the name Indoos or Indus which later led to the formation of the word 'India'.

  • Aren't we all Hapi?

    Hapi (Hep, Hap, Hapy) was probably a predynastic name for the Nile - later on, the Egyptians just called the Nile iterw, meaning 'the river' - and so it became the name of the god of the Nile. ('Nile' comes from the Greek corruption Neilos - of the Egyptian 'nwy' which means 'water'.) He was mentioned in the Pyramid Texts ("who comest forth from Hep") where he was to send the river into the underworld from certain caverns, where he was thought to have lived at the 1st Cataract.

    Is that HAPI another connection between the Africans in Africa and those in India and beyond? The depiction of Hapi himself, though, was that of a rather well-fed, blue or green man with the false beard of the pharaoh on his chin.

    Sanskrit is a language which is mother of all languages. Sanskrit, S-a-n-s-k-r-i-t, Sanskrit language. So this is the original language of this..., not only of this planet. In other planets also, this language is spoken. -

    Swami Prabhpada

    Dravidian Origin: Another view which is not accepted in the west, but which is proposed in India is that the common proto language of Sanskrit was none other than some proto Dravidian language or the language spoken by the Indus people.

    Sanskrit is listed with many of the sacred languages [priestly] as in heirogylphs [Egyptian] Geez [Ethiopian], original Hebrew and many others.

    The term `Dalit' largely refers to the Hindi-speaking Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. The term `Adi-Dravida' (original Dalits) is most generally used by educated `Dravidian Dalits' to refer to themselves. Far from repudiating their Dravidian identity, such persons have reclaimed it from those amongst whom it exists in a purer state



    What they never told you in History class.


    Indus K. Kush


    The ancient Indians were described by Professor Lynn Thorndike as

    ‘Short, black men with almost Negro noses.’

    Short History of Civilization p. 227



    Dr. Will Durant pictures theses early Hindus as:

    ‘dark skinned, broad nosed people whom, without knowing the origin of the word, we call Dravidians.’

    Our Oriental Heritage. P. 396



    The early Aryan literature of India, the hymns of the Rigvedas, which, it is commonly agreed, date from about 1000BC speak of the people whom the proud Aryan invaders found in India as black sinned…’ John Jackson Man, Go, and Civilization.

    The Indus valley Civilization was a work written by Sir Mortimer Wheeler and on the book jacket it was reported that:

    ‘ In 1922 at Harappa, a small town in the Punjab, and in 1922 at Mahenjo-daro in Sind, evidence was discovered of an evolved urban culture nearly 2,000 years older than any previously recognized in the Indo-Pakistan subcontinent"…’From the distribution of the sites foist explored, the culture was named the Indus Valley Civilization…"

    " …a third body of evidence come from the city Chanhu-Daro which was excavated in 1031. We are now aware of the staggering 1000 Indus Valley cities covering a cultural area of more than 1100 miles east to west and 800 miles north or south, all which are pre-Aryan.

    ‘…the revelation of the Indus Valley Civilization, constructed and enveloped by the south Indian Dravidians, descendants of the Nile Valley, ahs led to a complete revision of Indian History.’ Dr. Runoko Rhasidi – Nile Valley Civilization.

    ‘The Ganges River, sacred to India is named after an Ethiopian King of that name who conquered Asia as far as this river.’ J.A. Rodgers - 100 amazing facts about the Negro.

    There’s more!

    The word Hindu is found, of course, in Persian literature. Hindu-e-falak means ‘the black of the sky’ and ‘Saturn’. In the Arabic language Hind not Hindu means nation. It is shameful and ridiculous to have read all along in history that the name Hindu was given by the Persians to the people of our country when they landed on the sacred soil of Sindhu." (R. N. Suryanarayan, Universal Religion, p 1-2, published from Mysore in 1952.)

    The word Hindu may be as old as the Indus Valley Civilization. To find the meaning of ‘Hindu’ one ought to look at the term ‘Hindu Kush’ (killer of Hindus?/or Kush meaning the Biblical Ethiopian). Who were the people, who named this mountain range as Hindu Kush? Why these mountains were called the killers of Hindus? As I mentioned earlier, the Indian subcontinent was inhabited by dark complexioned people before the migration of Caucasian tribes from Caucasus.

    The fair skinned Caucasian tribes who lived on the Northwest of Hindu Kush Mountain range called the Indian subcontinent as the land of Hindus (land of black people). The Northwest expansion of the inhabitants of Indus Valley was prevented by of Hindu Kush Mountains. Whenever the plain dwelling Hindus attempted to cross these mountains, they met death due harsh terrain and heavy snow. That is how these mountains were given the name Hindu Kush by mountain dwelling Caucasian tribes.

    Hindu’ means black, he would have been hesitant to accept it, as the inferiority complex of ‘blackness’ is deeply imbedded in the psyche of Indians. Most Indians except the Dalits consider themselves as the descendents of Caucasian tribes, who ruled over India before the onslaught of Muslims. So for Hindus to accept that ‘Hindu’ means black would make them descendents of native Indians, who are black people That is why Hindus insist that ‘Hindu’ is the corrupted form of Sindhu [River]. Indians of today are the products of thousands of years of miscegenation between Caucasian groups and native Indians.

    In Pashto, the language of the dominant Afghan tribe of Pashtoons, Hindu is pronounced as Indu (h is silent). The Greeks called the people of Indus Valley Indos or Indus and hence, the name India. The Muslims called it Hindustan.

    Here's even more!

    ‘ F. Willord states: ‘It is certain that very ancient statues of the Gods of India have crisp hair and the features of Negroes. Some have caps… Others indeed seem to have locked curled…But this will not account for the thick lips and the noses of the ancient images; nor can it be reasonably doubted that a race of Negroes formally had power and preeminence in India. In several parts of India the mountaineers still have resemblance to Negroes in the countenance and hair which is curled and has a tendency to wool.’ [Asiatick Researches, Vol. III, London].

    Child with Horus knot

    "Bhrama,Vishnu and Shiva are revered as the Supreme Trinity of multitude of manifestations of Divinity. It is said that all that is true, all that is good and all that is beautiful is God (Satyam Shivam Sundaram). Shiva (Sanskrit for “auspicious one”) also called Siva, Shiva is referred to as 'the good one' or the 'auspicious one'. Shiva - Rudra is considered to be the destroyer of evil and sorrow. Shiva - Shankara is the doer of good. Shiva is 'tri netra' or three eyed, and is 'neela kantha' - blue necked (having consumed poison to save the world from destruction. Shiva - Nataraja is the Divine Cosmic Dancer. Shiva - Ardhanareeswara is both man and woman.".

    'The Vedas or Vedams are the sacred volume of the Hindoos...The date of these books is more than 25 centuries prior to our era; their contents prove that all reveries of the Greek metaphysicians come from India and Egypt.' Count Volney - Ruins of Empire p. 100.

     '...the blacks, under their renowned leader Krishna, that is The Black, fought with valor, especially on the banks of the Jumna. 

    The Negro strain is apparent in the large masses of the Indian population, even in the North. there are any number of East Indians who are indistinguishable form Afro-American mulattoes. '  J.A. Rogers Sex and Race Vol. 1 p. 62-63

    The Black Buddah

     Dvaravati Period in Thailand;
    ninth century. Photo courtesy of Larry Williams.
    From: The African Presence of Early Asia Page 239

    Here we have several religions and religious icons mentioned as having Black or African antecedents.

    Khrisna -Usage: Indian, Hindu Mythology - Pronounced: KRISH-na
    Means "Black, Dark" in Sanskrit. This is the name of a Hindu god believed to be an incarnation of the god Vishnu. He was the youngest of King Vasudeva's eight children, six of whom were killed by King Kamsa because of a prophecy that a child of Vasudeva would kill Kamsa. Krishna however was saved and he eventually killed the king as well as performing many other great feats.

     SHYAM   m
    Usage: Indian, Hindu Mythology
    Derived from Sanskrit syama meaning "dark, black, blue". This is another name of the god Krishna in Hindu mythology.

    Vishnu - VISHNU    - Usage: Hindu Mythology
    Pronounced: VISH-noo
    Possibly means "all-pervasive" in Sanskrit. The Hindu god Vishnu is the protector and preserver of the universe. By some Hindus he is regarded as the supreme god.

    Manu - The founder of the human race. Manu was saved by Brahma from a deluge.

    Nidra - The black-skinned goddess that is clothed in yellow and dark blue silk. She is the sister of Vishnu.

    Shiva - Usage: Indian, Hindu Mythology - Pronounced: SHEE-va
    Derived from Sanskrit Siva meaning "benign". Shiva is the Hindu god of destruction and restoration, the husband of the mother goddess Parvati. His aspect is usually terrifying, but it can also be gentle.

    Kali -Usage: Hindu Mythology  -Pronounced: KAH-lee
    Means "The Black One" in Sanskrit. In Hindu mythology Kali is the fierce destructive form of the wife of Shiva.  She is also known as Kalikamata ("black earth-mother") and Kalaratri ("black night"). Among the Tamils she is known as Kottavei. Kali is worshipped particularly in Bengal. Her best known temples are in Kalighat and Dakshineshvara.

    Black: Black in the ancient Hindu language of Sanskrit is kaala. The feminine form is Kali.  Black is a symbol of The Infinite and the seed stage of all colors.

    The original people of India were African. theses people that re now considered in the lowest caste and untouchable were those who made history and the progenitors of India culture. Those called by historians Eastern Ethiopians are our people who settled the Indus Valley. Our Indus Valley brothers were educated in the Mysteries of Egypt and Great Zimbabwe and spread civilization and culture to the East.


     African History  is World History!







    For more info on the Dravidians:

    SUDRALOGICAL SOCIETY HOMEPAGE - Organisation researching the Origins, History and Culture of the Sudroid Peoples of South







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