Essays by Ekowa


Symbolism, Oaths and African Heritage


I had a critical awakening when I realized that the Judeo-Christian religious concept did not grow up in a vacuum.  Everything the Israelites thought, believed, practiced and wrote about had former historical meanings.  These universal meanings seemingly so mysterious and well developed were initially rooted in the Egyptians 'Mystery' or religious system which was part of the ancient African religious systems that spanned all of Africa in divergent forms.  Due to the Hebrew-Israelites Egyptian connection through Abraham and Sarah, Joseph and later Moses, the ‘Hebrew’ culture co-opted and remade Egyptian religious tenets and cultural markers and adopted them as their own.  In doing so, in the minds of Western scholars, they began western or occidental culture and were at the vanguard of this new paradigm. What they do not say is; this Hebraic religions and culture was the syncretization of Egyptian culture and was disguised just as African culture is disguised and is at the root of all cultures of the world. 

  After the ‘Exodus’ and migration to Palestine the new Egypto-Hebraic religion morphed into a Babylonian-Persian mélange from their many captivities. I must say here, from my research Egypt-Africa was and has always been the home of all peoples and the African was and always has been the mother and father of all people.  In the migration of the family of Africans some became Persians and others Babylonian, but the universal African belief system was and still is at the root of all cultures.  All lands were initially Black/African populated, run and ruled and the mythology surrounding the so-called Hebrew culture was also rooted in Africa - that is the main reason the nuances and anti-African cultural explanations do not make sense. We have been trained to look outside the African culture for answers to our Biblical questions.  These 'faked' answers only engender more strife and questions with this the cycle of ignorance continue. What we have is a cellular structure without the correct genetic information inside it, the correct information was reamed out and discarded and new genetic information was injected into the cell membrane. When the cell of European religion was injected into the African membrane it does not function.

I will deal within this brief study the natural, spiritual and universal criteria for leadership based in a familial African recognition of events and birth locales. Let me lay a bit of foundation in recounting the 'prophecy and promise' by Yahweh to the children of  Israel . The crux of the Biblical story surrounds the Hebrews birth in Abraham upbringing as a family, growth as a nation, and interaction with the nations surrounding them in their quest to become the ‘Sons of God’ or the ‘Chosen people of God’ of Elohim/Yahweh.


"The central objective in decolonizing the African mind is to overthrow the authority which alien traditions exercise over the African."



A quote from the Oxford Bible.

"The sons/children of God are also found in Phoenician and Ammonite inscriptions, referring to the pantheon of sub-ordinate deities, indicating that the term was widespread in the West Semitic religions."

After the Exodus the Children of Israel were reassigned:






The title the ‘Sons and daughters of God’ or ‘ Chosen people of God’ is a very ancient, pre-Israel, Judaism and Christian concept.

"When men began to increase in number on the earth and daughters were born to them, the sons of God saw that the daughters of men were beautiful, and they married any of them they chose.”  Genesis 6:1-4


 "Adam, which was the Son of God." Luke 3:38.

 Is impossible to say that these ‘Sons of God were angels since angles are genderless according to the Biblical account, and not marriageable or sexually desirous of anyone.


“The people of this age marry and are given in marriage. But those who are considered worthy of taking part in that age and in the resurrection from the dead will neither marry nor be given in marriage, and they can no longer die; for they are like the angels. (Luke 20:34-36)

"Angels came late into Jewish theology, generally from the non-Jewish myths of the East.  The early books of the Bible speak of some vague heavenly beings called malochim (singular, malach). Although malach is usually translated angel, its literal meaning is messenger."  Harry Gersh, The Sacred Books of the Jews.

These 'sons of God' simply are 'men of renown' giants of the ancient world.  This holds true with the title that the patriarch used and the title that was given to Yeshua/Yahshua, Son of God and Son of Man.  Since they were considered the ‘sons of God’, if that is true, they must have had mothers and fathers, and everyone was produced by intercourse.  The 'sons of God' were men that God [or the writer of Genesis] believed were of godly character, famous and of the 'aristocracy'.  Some extra-biblical information has the ‘sons’ as the children of Seth [Set], but I will not go into that part of the account.

"Son of God" is a biblical phrase from the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible), and the New Testament. According to Christian tradition, it refers to Jesus, whom they believe to be the only begotten son of God. The term was widespread during the life of Jesus, as Roman emperor Augustus was known as the "son" of the deified Julius Caesar included on coins minted in his reign.


The Hebrew phrase Benei Elohim, often translated as "The Sons of God", describes angels, demigods or immensely powerful human beings. See Genesis 6:2-4. Many Bible scholars believe that this is a reference to pre-Biblical near-eastern mythology.

It is used to denote a human judge or ruler (Ps. lxxxii. 6, "children of the Most High"; in many passages "gods" and "judges" seem to be equations); and to the real or ideal king over Israel (II Sam. vii. 14, with reference to David and his dynasty; comp. Ps. lxxxix. 27, 28).

The phrases "sons of God" and "children of God" are applied to Israel as a people (comp. Ex. iv. 22 and Hos. xi. 1), the Jewish people, and also to all members of the human race.



"Jesus answered them, Is it not written in your law, 'I said, Ye are gods?' If he called them gods, unto whom the word of God came, and the scripture cannot be broken..." John 10:34.

This Biblical title ‘Sons of God’ and its preceding usage was used long before there was a Bible, nation of Hebrews/Israelites or any religious or ethnic divisions in the earth.  There was a universal marker of who could be categorized as the 'sons of god' and who were the daughter [and I assume sons] of men. The Hebrews needed to establish themselves as kings and priests of a new nation and they needed to accomplish this both ‘naturally’ and ‘spiritually’.

"For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God" Romans 8:14. "But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, [even] to them that believe on his name:" John 1:12.


"And you shall say unto the Pharaoh [unnamed], thus said YHWH Israel is my son, my first born." Exodus 4:22

The ancient Egyptian/African culture in which the Israelites were born and matured already had an history code of conduct and criteria for kingship and nationhood with specific criteria for old and  ‘new’ leaders’ and old and ‘emerging’ nations to adhere to in order to be accepted into the world scene.

The Ancient Greek term aristocracy meant a system of government with "rule by the best". This is the first definition given in most dictionaries. The word is derived from two words, "aristo" meaning the "best" and "kratia" "to rule". Because everyone has different ideas about what is "best", especially in relation to government, the term is tricky to apply in this sense. Aristocracies have most often been hereditary plutocracies (see below), where a sense of historical gravitas and noblesse oblige demands high minded action from its members.

The criteria was simple, you needed a God to follow and obey,  a God who protects and saves, a chosen leader to follow who had a spiritual and natural claim for leadership, a code of ethics and conduct, a judicial, sacrificial and ceremonial system in honor of that God, national vision/identity and land ownership.

A God to obey:

Exodus 19:5-7 “Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant,  then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people: for all the earth is mine:  And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation. These are the words which thou shall speak unto the children of Israel . And Moses came and called for the elders of the people, and laid before their faces all these words which the LORD commanded him.

A God who protects and saves:

Deuteronomy 4:1-2 "Now therefore hearken, O Israel, unto the statutes and unto the judgments, which I teach you, for to do them, that ye may live, and go in and possess the land which the LORD God of your fathers give you.  Ye shall not add unto the word which I command you, neither shall ye diminish ought from it, that ye may keep the commandments of the LORD your God which I command you."

 A God that delivered:

Deuteronomy 4:20-21  But the LORD hath taken you, and brought you forth out of the iron furnace, even out of Egypt, to be unto him a people of inheritance, as ye are this day. Furthermore the LORD was angry with me for your sakes, and swore that I should not go over Jordan , and that I should not go in unto that good land, which the LORD thy God gives thee for an inheritance...”

 A people that God loves:

Zechariah 2:7-9 “Deliver thyself, O Zion, that dwells with the daughter of Babylon . For thus said the LORD of hosts; After the glory hath he sent me unto the nations which spoiled you: for he that touches you touches the apple of his eye. For, behold, I will shake mine hand upon them, and they shall be a spoil to their servants: and ye shall know that the LORD of hosts hath sent me.

A leader to follow:

“And Moses alone shall come near the Lord: but they shall not come nigh; neither shall the people go up with him.” Ex. 24:2.

 A Code of ethics and conduct in Exodus 20:1-26.

 "And God spake all these words, saying,  I am the LORD thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt , out of the house of bondage.  Thou shalt have no other gods before me.

"Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me; And shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments.  Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain. "


"Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it. Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee. Thou shalt not kill. Thou shalt not commit adultery. Thou shalt not steal. Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbor's."

A way to worship:

"And the LORD said unto Moses, Thus thou shalt say unto the children of Israel , Ye have seen that I have talked with you from heaven. Ye shall not make with me gods of silver, neither shall ye make unto you gods of gold. An altar of earth thou shalt make unto me, and shalt sacrifice thereon thy burnt offerings, and thy peace offerings, thy sheep, and thine oxen: in all places where I record my name I will come unto thee, and I will bless thee. And if thou wilt make me an altar of stone, thou shalt not build it of hewn stone: for if thou lift up thy tool upon it, thou hast polluted it.  Neither shalt thou go up by steps unto mine altar, that thy nakedness be not discovered thereon."

 A National Vision/Identity:

“And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by the name   of God Almighty, but by my name JEHOVAH was I not known to them. And I have also established my covenant with them, to give them the land of Canaan , the land of their pilgrimage, wherein they were strangers.


"And I have also heard the groaning of the children of Israel , whom the Egyptians keep in bondage; and I have remembered my covenant. Wherefore say unto the children of Israel, I am the Lord, and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and I will rid you out of their bondage, and I will redeem you with a stretched out arm, and with great judgments, And I will take you to me for a people, and I will be to you a God: and ye shall know that I am the Lord your God, which brought you out from under the burdens   of the Egyptians.” Ex. 6:3-7

Land ownership:

“O ye seed of Israel his servant, ye children of Jacob, his chosen ones. He is the LORD our God; his judgments are in all the earth. Be ye mindful always of his covenant; the word which he commanded to a thousand generations; Even of the covenant which he made with Abraham, and of his oath unto Isaac; And hath confirmed the same to Jacob for a law, and to Israel for an everlasting covenant,  Saying, Unto thee will I give the land of Canaan, the lot of your inheritance; When ye were but few, even a few, and strangers in it. “ 1Chron. 16:13-19.

And Moses said:

“Moses swore on that day, saying, 'Surely the land where you walked shall be an inheritance to you and to your children forever, because you have wholly followed Yahweh my God.' Joshua 14:9.

We must first assume that in ancient times there were certain loyalty oaths ascribed in every situation.  This is an important point because it established an ancient criterion for all people.  Here is a biblical example:

“For when God made a promise to Abraham, since he could swear by none greater, he swore by himself, saying, "Surely blessing I will bless you, and multiplying I will multiply you." Hebrews 6: 13-14

This points us in the direction of oath taking and swearing.  ‘God/Yahweh could swear by none greater so he swore by himself.’  So when a man swears he swears by the thing that is greater than himself.  In 99% of the cases thare was a deity that he worshipped.

"As the Lord your God lives, there is no nation or kingdom whither my lord [King Ahab] has not sent to seek you; and when they would say, 'he is not here, ' he would take an oath of the kingdom or nation, that they had not found you." I Kings 18:10.

An oath of the Kingdom is similar to the oath of office that all elected officials, rulers or anyone in a position to uphold the laws has to take including the President of the United State


Washington taking the oath of office with the symbolic Egyptian left foot forward stance and hand over the heart

Oath of office for the President as a gesture, invokes God.

According to the 20th Amendment to the Constitution, a President's term of office begins at 12:00 p.m. (noon) on January 20th of the year following an election. In order to assume his/her duties, the President-elect must recite the Oath of Office. The Oath is administered by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. The President-elect places his hand on the Bible, raises his right hand, and takes the Oath as directed by the Chief Justice.

Vice Presidential oath where God is sworn:

The Vice President's oath is administered immediately before the President's. The Vice President's oath may be administered by the retiring vice president, by a member of Congress, or by some other government official, such as a justice of the Supreme Court. The Vice President's oath is as follows:


"I do solemnly swear that I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic, that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same: that I take this obligation freely, without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion, and I will well and faithfully discharge the duties of the office on which I am about to enter.  So help me God."

All oaths in America either is sworn to on a Bible or ended with ‘So help me God.’  We assume that in a Judeo-Christian country the God that both Christians and Jews swear to is the same God. This God has to be the god of the Old Testament to make all parties agree.  One set of people believes one thing about God–Jews as God is revealed in the Old Testament and Christians as God is revealed through Jesus.  Both go back to an ancient understanding and therefore agreed with the oath, God being the universal European name for the Almighty.

But what of the Biblical people who took oath and swore? It was the same as everyone you swear by the GREATER.

Example of an Oath of Innocence used by Job:

“The Oath of Innocence was a dual procedure legal device. When a person such as Job was suspected of wrongdoing or was the victim of wrongdoing, that person could swear out an Oath of Innocence in the presence of God declaring his innocence and condemning the actual wrongdoer. The person swearing the oath would put his temporal life and his eternal salvation on the line.

"As God lives, who has taken away my right, and the Almighty, who has made my soul bitter, as long as my breath is in me and the spirit of God is in my nostrils, my lips will not speak falsehood, and my tongue will not utter deceit." Job 27:2-4

An oath is:  A pledge or promise, vow or a word that is agreed upon by two or more people ratified by invoking the name of a deity. Some say the word Elohim means “Mighty one of oaths”.

There were many kinds of oaths or covenants, first there was the unilateral contract, a one-sided oath, the biblical account is stuck between God [Elohim] and Abraham in the book of Genesis.

 “God's covenant with Abraham resembled an ancient simile oath. This oath made in the name of God and accompanied by a ritual ceremony (such as the slaughter of an animal) was self-execrative in nature, the violator of the oath suffering a stipulated penalty, such as death in the manner of the sacrificed animal  -see Genesis 15; compare Jeremiah 34:18-20.

The sacrifice in the covenant:

"And he said unto him, I [am] the LORD that brought thee out of Ur of the Chaldees, to give thee this land to inherit it.

Gen 15:8-12 "And he said, Lord GOD, whereby shall I know that I shall inherit it? And he said unto him, Take me an heifer of three years old, and a she goat of three years old, and a ram of three years old, and a turtledove, and a young pigeon. And he took unto him all these, and divided them in the midst, and laid each piece one against another: but the birds divided he not. And when the fowls came down upon the carcasses, Abram drove them away. "

This Unilateral agreement used in the Bible was a promise that God made to Abraham between God and himself, with Abraham being the recipient of the blessings of that oath.  In this unilateral agreement, the word said that God swore by himself since there was ‘none greater’. 

In the case of the God of Abraham [Elohim], he was the greater, far above Abraham, but the Supreme God that Abraham worshipped.  In this agreement Abraham was the lesser, just as he was in his encounter with Melchezedeck, the priest of the most High God.

"There is a one sided covenant. Such a covenant is offered by a stronger party (like a king) to a weaker party. The terms of the covenant are non-negotiable. They are imposed by the stronger party. The New Testament actually employs two words describing covenant. The word diatheke is normally used to describe a covenant between equal parties, while the word syntheke is used to describe a "strong party - weak party" covenant."

In a Bilateral agreement there are two sides who reach a mutual covenant or contract and using the case cited above, the name of a deity was invoked in the covenant, the family name or the word of the covenant makers or all three.

"There is a covenant between parties of relatively equal strength. When two parties of equal standing enter into a covenant they generally negotiate the terms of the covenant for the mutual benefit of each other."

This is exemplified by the agreement between Jacob and Laban, or the marriage covenant that invokes the name of God.

A Multilateral agreement is the same as the bilateral - but with three or more people participating in the pact and swearing by an oath.

And Joseph said unto his brethren, I die: and God will surely visit you, and bring you out of this land unto the land which he sware to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.  And Joseph took an oath of the children of Israel, saying, God will surely visit you, and ye shall carry up my bones from hence.

And Moses took the bones of Joseph with him: for he had straitly sworn the children of Israel, saying, God will surely visit you; and ye shall carry up my bones away hence with you.

And the bones of Joseph, which the children of Israel brought up out of Egypt, buried they in Shechem, in a parcel of ground which Jacob bought of the sons of Hamor the father of Shechem for an hundred pieces of silver: and it became the inheritance of the children of Joseph.

All pacts no matter the number of people involved were ratified by an oath and a promise. These covenants were formed in families, neighbors, and inhabitants of the land and surrounding nations to ensure peace and tranquility or in the case above to purchase property that would perpetually be in the family.

"And the bones of Joseph, which the children of Israel brought up out of Egypt, buried they in Shechem, in a parcel of ground which Jacob bought of the sons of Hamor the father of Shechem for an hundred pieces of silver: and it became the inheritance of the children of Joseph."

These individuals, neighborhood, nations and peoples banded together during wars or invasions, famine, intermarriage or in some cases to ensure there would be no violence in and around a settlement and these oaths were often multigenerational.   We see that oath swearing by a deity was the key otherwise this warning was unnecessary.

“Thou shall make no covenant with them, nor with their gods.” Exodus 23:32

In other words God/Yahweh was saying; "Don’t make a covenant with anyone invoking the name of their gods".  It begs the question:  How was a covenant stuck when people had different gods?  

The Ennead

Africa is the cradle of civilization and everything in culture whether religious or secular had its nativity on the continent.  Oaths, covenants, iconic symbols, leadership recognition had a consistent 'original' African root; this root is recognizable once you understand the keys.  In every nation of the world there is a ‘red string’ running throughout every religious rite, heritage claims, iconography, culture and linguistic term.

For example: in the Biblical story of Laban and Isaac the son of Abraham, we read of an agreement ratified by an oath to marry Laban’s daughter Rachel. Laban was the grandson of Nachor, Abraham brother. Laban’s home was in Haran, where they remained while Abraham migrated to Canaan. When Isaac was of marriageable age, he found a wife among the relatives of his father, Abraham.  Although, Isaac was tricked by his account, into taking the first daughter, which was the African custom as a wife before the youngest and agreement of seven years labor was the bride price for each.

Question: What oaths did Isaac a believer in the God of his father Abraham take in union with his relative Laban? 

It had to be a universal oath and understanding that both parties agreed upon that honored a common God, custom, family name or past action.  In ancient times, they swore on their gods and ancestors.  They swore on something or someone more binding than themselves; in the God[s] of heaven or the ancestors who they felt protected them.  

Abraham went into agreement with those who fought with him to rescued Lot, afterwards he paid tithes to Melchizedek and his actions were blessed.  Genesis 14:13-18.

“And there came one that had escaped, and told Abram the Hebrew--now he dwelt by the terebinths of Mamre the Amorite, brother of Eshcol, and brother of Aner; and these were confederate with Abram.

A confederate is:

"A person who joins with another in carrying out some plan (especially an unethical or illegal plan)." To form a group/to band together.

To form a confederacy you must agree on the direction and intent and that bond is sworn to by an oath of agreement.

Isaac, the son of Abraham and Laban went into contractual agreement on three separate occasions - twice for Leah and Rachel, respectively, then once for Isaac’s safety and to define clear boundary lines between the two families.

“Laban and Jacob then enter into an agreement whereby Jacob is not to harm   Laban's daughters, and neither party is to pass with hostile intent   the limits set   by a heap of stones called "the witness heap". Laban then takes leave of his sons   and daughters and returns home, never to be heard of again in history (Gen.xxxi, 42-55).

The first text says the men were confederates with Abraham, the second text says that Laban and Isaac entered into an agreement.  What was the oath that bound the confederacy and the agreement in these cases?


An agreement has to be ratified by something or someone, in many cases to numerous to cite it was an oath taken and within the oath invoking the name of a deity [god] was paramount.  

An Oath: A solemn, formal declaration or promise to fulfill a pledge, often calling on God, a god, or a sacred object as witness. The words or formula of such a declaration or promise. Something declared or promised.

In the same way in modern times a witness or defendant would swear on a Bible in court to tell the whole truth and nothing but the truth!  What did they do before this modern custom came into vogue?  In the ancient days a man or woman, king or nation thought twice about violation of a vow or oath.  They understood the natural and spiritual ramifications of that act.  Today with just our puny word or dubious name at stake, we swear by anything and uphold nothing.

In other 100 or more years the practice of “Swearing on a Bible” will be forgotten although the idiom or allusion will still be used in our language.  This is the same way that oathing in agreements are now forgotten, instead of oathing or swearing by a God - we have attorneys.


“A Confederacy in ancient times was cut with blood [sacrifice]. "


Sacrifice (from a Middle English verb meaning 'to make sacred', from Old French, from Latin sacrificium : sacer, sacred; sacred + facere, to make) is commonly known as the practice of offering food, or the lives of animals or people to the gods, as an act of propitiation or worship.

Confederate" as an adjective in the sense of united or leagued is twice the translation of berith "covenant," in several instances translated "league" (Gen 14:13, ba`al berith, "lord or master of a covenant," "an ally," "these were confederate with Abram"; compare Ps 83:5; once of nuach, "to rest,"

Biblical account:

"Syria is confederate with Ephraim" (Isa 7:2, the Revised Version, margin "resteth on Ephraim"; also 1 Macc 10:47).


Confederacy, as a "league," occurs as the translation of berith, "the men of thy confederacy" (Obad 1:7); as a conspiracy it occurs in Isa 8:12 twice, as translation of qesher from qashar, "to bind": "Say ye not, a confederate."

As in all oaths, covenants, confederacies and alliances in the ancient days a sacrifice was necessary [life is in the blood] and the sacrifice was held in the honor of a god.  An oath was not solely ratified and agreed upon by your word or your pedigree although those was used in some cases, but never without invoking the name of a deity that all parties agree on. 

Side bar: The Crown of men [the Hidden] used as an iconic image and morphed into the tables of Moses and the 10 Commandments

Amen with feathered crown

Moses with tablets

The Tables without the unattached to the Crown of Amen/Amun

The Agreement - 

Laban and Isaac had to agree on Something or Someone who they mutually accepted as a representation of God. Who was that?  Laban had household idols and Isaac was initiated into the religion of Elohim [the God of oaths] through Abraham his father. What was Laban’s main belief system and did it agree with Isaacs beliefs? How was the covenant ratified? As you can see they has a heap of stones called the ‘heap of witness’ from what era did that come?  In each case, it had to be a former universal religious truth that all people agreed upon and a concept that translated through all boundaries, cultures and rituals. Amen may have been a mainstay with the Isaelites.

There was a time when EVERYONE believed the same thing–Every nation believed there was ONE Supreme Creator of all things.

“For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and  unrighteousness of men, who suppress the truth in unrighteousness, because that which is known of God is revealed in them, for God revealed it to them. For the invisible things of him since the creation of the world are clearly seen, being perceived through the things that are made, even his everlasting power and divinity; that they may be without excuse. Because, knowing God, they didn't glorify him as God, neither gave thanks, but became vain in their reasoning, and their senseless heart was darkened.  Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools, and traded the glory of the incorruptible God for the likeness of an image of corruptible man, and of birds, and four-footed animals, and creeping things.” Romans 1.

Every man and woman on the earth no mater what race or tribe, nation or tongue KNEW who the ONE god was.   In swearing the ancient oath they reached back to a time of universal agreement and understanding.

Abraham had established his  birthright and lineage with Laban and ratified it with Isaac’s intermarriage back into the family thus establishing an ‘agreeable and verifiable’ ancestral credentials.  Those credentials and birthright and the subsequent ‘oaths’ taken in the name of God made those agreements irrevocable and unimpeachable.



King or Leader

The Royal Blood of Aristocracy


Leader are made and not born or is it vice versa?  In the ancient times, not unlike today the leaders of the world claimed a similar lineage.  When we read the Biblical accounts of Abraham and Sarah traveling to Egypt, Sarah [as did Rebecca] entering into the household [harem] of Pharaoh, we think nothing of it.  We never ask the critical question –“how could that be?”  At that time, an ordinary woman was not allowed to be the ‘concubine’ of the Pharaoh, because of the possibility of her children staking a claim to the throne. 

"What is this that thou hast done unto me? Why didst thou not tell me that she was thy wife? Why saidst thou, 'She is my sister,' so that I took her to be my wife? Now therefore behold thy wife, take her and go!"  Gen. 12:18-19

She had to be of royal decent and could claim an ancient lineage.   In an extra-Biblical account, Sarah is said to be the wife-sister of Abraham. We see a hint of it in the story Abram advised Sarah to tell to the Pharaoh of the nation. 

“And it came to pass, when he was come near to enter into Egypt, that he said unto Sarai his wife: "Behold please, I know thou art a woman beautiful to look upon. And it will come to pass, when the Egyptians shall see thee, that they will say: 'This is his wife'; and they will kill me, but let you live. Say, I pray thee, that you are my sister, that it may go well with me for thy sake and that my soul may live because of you."  Gen. 12:11-13. ”

Abraham used the same story when encountering Abimelech:

"And moreover she is indeed my sister, the daughter of my father, but not the daughter of my mother; and she became my wife."  Gen. 20:12


"And it came to pass when God [or "the gods"] caused [the verb is plural!] me to wander from my father's house, that I said unto her: 'This is the kindness which thou shalt show unto me; at every place whither we shall come, say of me: He is my brother.'"  Gen. 20:13.

Sarah was his half-Sister as stated above, but she could have also been a half-sister, daughter of his fathers brother, mothers sister, or the daughter of his father by another concubine or second wife.  Whatever the combination he had a blood ties with Sarah.  As a reminder, there is no word for aunt uncle or cousin in the African experience those terms came from Europe.  You were either a mother/sister or father/brother.

The Bible says that Joseph become a third ruler of Egypt but how was that possible? Did he have the birthright and verifiable credentials to become a ruler?

"A second title in Genesis 45:8 is "Lord of All His (the king's) Household." There is some disagreement among scholars as to the Egyptian equivalent of this phrase. Some would interpret it as some sort of palace overseer or court chamberlain. The closest Egyptian title however seems to be [imy-r pr wr, Chief Steward of the King, or more literally the Chief Overseer of the House, with the term "house" referring to the personal estates of the king.

The Egyptian title usually translated Chamberlain, [imy-r 'hnwty n pr- nsw, translates Overseer of the Interior of the King's House and does not seem to fit either the Biblical phrase or the context of the Joseph Story.  Joseph had, after his interpretation of the king's dream, advised Pharaoh regarding agricultural matters relating to the future years of plenty and the following famine. It seems most natural, in light of the king's response, for Joseph to be given a post that was connected with agriculture, as that of Chief Steward of the King certainly was."


The Vizier was managing director of the king's palace complex, head of the civil administration, and the general deputy of the king."

Joseph could trace his family back to Abraham, Sarah and Egypt.  Since Sarah at one time was the 'wife' of the unnamed Pharaoh and was given Hagar [a handmaiden] when she left the Pharaoh’s household, the family of Abraham and the 'incident' that shadowed him was well known in Egyptian times. They wrote EVERYTHING down!

The 'Tell' [point of the hidden truth] in this story is that Sarah would acquire and Egyptian handmaiden.  This is interesting considering Hagar later became the mother of Ishmael - and his children became kings and a great nation in their own right according to the word of God.

HAND'MAIDEN, n. A maid that waits at hand; a female servant or attendant. A sexual stimulator

"The marriage of a pharaoh to a sister or a daughter was usual practice (even compulsory) among the Egyptian royalty, because the royal inheritance was through the female line  - as it is in Judaism. 


In Egyptian tradition the elder princess became God's Wife, and was also known as the Handmaiden of God. This was a very prestigious position. She served the god Atum by masturbating him with her hand, and thus ensuring the creation and regeneration of the world - hence the strange title of Handmaiden (sometimes more graphically called God's Hand). Because no sex was involved the Egyptian princess was also called a Virgin."

So we can assume that Sarah was held in high esteem to be the disguised sister of Abraham and the 'harem' wife of the unnamed Pharaoh.  Hagar taking Sarah's place as wife of Abraham, at first Hagar was her hand maiden and then Abraham' Hand' maiden until Sarah says:  Go into her Abraham and have a child by my handmaiden.

Abraham did not look at his 'old' wife Sarah in a sexual manner and he was long dead in her eyes, so Hagar was initial the stimulant, but that is a side issue [No pun intended].


The key is the name of Sarah, which means Princess. Honestly, we do not know for sure if Sarah was a title and not a true name as in the case of the unnamed Pharaoh’s in the Bible or Abimelech meaning Father of the King [Abi’melech] or in the case of the name Melchezedeck, he King of Righteousness [Mel’che’Zedek].  Sarai later Sarah was usurped as the link in kingship of the Western world, from that name the Europeans derived the suffix Sar as in:

The title given to their rulers are supposed to relate to the word prince or princess.  This relates to the 'Ethiopic kingdom' that Sarah and Abraham represented, while Hagar represented the Egyptian kingdom.  These are clues that run through the Bible.  In using this root word to signify royalty where true or feigned it gives the person legitimacy.  This birthright meant you had to possess royal blood or the credentials of verification into the royal household, through marriage or adoption.  There are a few ancient criteria that set apart a man, king, people, priesthood, nation and land.

In the United Kingdom and other European countries in which hereditary titles are still recognized, "aristocrat" still refers to the descendant of one of approximately 7,000 families with hereditary titles, usually still in possession of considerable wealth, though not necessarily so.

In the United States and other nations without a history of a hereditary military caste, aristocracy has taken on a more stylistic meaning. In most cases, the usage is pejorative and refers to purveyors of snobbery, but "aristocrat" can also refer to an elegant person with a gracious lifestyle and strong sense of duty. This last meaning can be seen as taking the term back to its original roots.


What 7,000 families - what were the criteria for their pedigree?  It is a European spin on the African Family.  Most stem from the Hebrew connection, simply because of 'Replacement Theology' and British and European Israelism. 

If there is no connection with the House of the Ethiopian and Abraham why would he later marry Keturah after the death of Sarah?

"Abraham married another woman whose name was Keturah. She bore him Zimran, Yakshan, Medan, Midian, Yishbak and Shuach. Yakshan fathered Sheba and Dedan. The sons of Dedan were the Ashurim, Letushim and Leumim. The sons of Midian were Eiphah, Epher, Enoch, Avidah and Elda'ah.  All these were Keturah's descendants." Gen. 25:2-4

Note the name Midian. We will see this in the case of the father of Zipporah, the first wife of Moses.  Jethro the Priest of Midian taught Moses for 40 years in the wilderness and also gave the first sacrifice for the 'newly' formed nation of Israel.  All the men of the Bible understood that in order to CLAIM a throne or lead a nation you had to either be:

Now back to Sarah and her name:

Sarah was a princess of something or somewhere and in my research I would say she was an Ethiopian Princess based on the fact of her sisterhood with Abraham and Tacitus’ proclamation that ‘Everyone knew Abraham as an Ethiopian.’   To be married to an Ethiopian princess meant you could lay claim to the heritage and leadership in the ancient world and you were  ‘made’ a man and had marital proof of you leadership.

If, your line could be traced back to the real or acquired bloodline or a agreeable source, a god or goddess, king or queen, kingdom or region whether real or mythical, then that agreeable source was used in oaths or to recognize a common ancestry of humanity and allowed you to cut covenants.

Secondly, if you could claim a certain historical birthplace that was agreed upon by all mankind as the birthplace or local of a god, king or first man or woman you were considered leadership material and a  ‘Son of God.’

What is the modern equivalent? 

We seem to feel in America that we are not under a monarch and we do not have any connection to the European royalty and aristocracy.  We thought 1776 and the Constitution and Bill of Rights and the War ended our ties to England and Europe, well you are wrong.

“We've all heard family tales of a distant relative being the second cousin, twice removed of President "So-and-So." But is it really true? In reality, it's not all that unlikely. Hundreds of thousands of people, if they go back far enough, can find evidence linking them to a U.S. president. As a bonus, the documented lineages of most U.S. presidents provide links to major royal houses of Europe.”


“President George Bush had blue blood though his linkage to the Royal families of England, going back to Edward I, Longshanks (1239-1307), King of England (1773-1307), who completed the conquest of Wales and subdued Scotland. An example of one ancestral chart, linking President Bush to Edward I is shown in Table 2. 



Hu The Original




Washington as the


President Bush’s ancestry can be directly linked with the Kingdom of Bohemia and, in fact, to the earliest Czech rulers. There are very few Czechs who could claim such background.

Why is this important?

Because these people believe they are the 'Sons of God' and they rule in place of the African. All of the world wars were instigated by people trying to keep or replace those who are imposters of kingship.

“The royal lines of the huge multiplicity of German states are very complicated. The two major royal lines are the Hapsburgs (Austria) and the Hohenzollerns (Prussia). There are many other German states of course, some of which have played a major role in European history. A Hannovarian, for example, assumed the English throne as George I. Many other German lines have married into royal families and served as Czarinas, Kings, Queens, and Emperors throughout Europe, not to mention Maximillian's ill-fated attempt to establish a Mexican monarchy. "


"These families participated in the ruling of Germany and Europe as a whole into modern days. It should not be forgotten that as late as the 1910s, almost the entire world was ruled by monarchy. While some constitutional monarchies had evolved in Western Europe, many monarchies in the 1910s were still absolutists (Russia) or yielded power that approached absolutism (Austria and Germany). The number of republics of any significance could be counted on one hand (primarily France and the United States). The German royal families were swept away with the maelstrom of World War I.”


"In 1914, at the outbreak of World War One, the countries we now know as the Czech Republic and Slovakia were part of the Austro-Hungarian (or Hapsburg) Empire. Russia still labored under the near-feudal rule of Czar Nicholas II. Between them, Russia and Austro-Hungary dominated central and eastern Europe."

Remember the name Czar/cSAR, KaiSAR and CeaSAR came from the root of the name of SARai or SAR’ai, the Ethiopian Princess who married her brother Abraham.  The Europeans elite assumed the name to tie themselves to the root of Africa though those who they read were  'chosen of God' although they have tried to destroy the African root and the ancient universal meaning and image of the word.  The knew they needed to identify with the ‘source of life’ as in the reed bed, in someway to claim the title of real sons and daughter or ‘bastard’ children of the original African crown that identified themselves with the reed bed or mound.

Each European national figure, major religious leader, politician lawmaker, who made policies to form or change this nation [America] did so with the blood of the British, German, Dutch, Scandinavian, Russian or French royalty coursing through their veins. You did not vote for arbitrary citizens.  The myth of anyone running for political office or better yet becoming president is a lie. You must be 'born into the aristocracy' even though the European aristocracy STOLE the credentials from the African.

Why was this important again? 

The name Sar - one of the original African models has survived in their attempt to wipe us out.  Sar is not only related back to Egypt/Africa/Ethiopia the birthplace of the Egyptian and all Africans.  It relates back to those original Hebrews who lived with the Egyptian and became their children by birth and adoption.  Remember the name Ethiopia was the Europeans name for ALL of Africa from India and parts of China to the so-called Middle East to what if now Africa.

According to Gerald Massey in his book: Ancient Egypt the light of the world, Part 1, The sign-language of Astronomical Mythology - on page 255.

“The Egyptian record correctly read will tell us plainly that the human birthplace was a land of the papyrus reeds, the crocodile and the hippopotamus…upper Egypt was already the African home of civilization. The Egyptians gave priority to the south over the delta in the north.  It is in vain we judge the races by the figures and faces of the rulers ‘portrayed’ in monumental times…Captain Burton wrote to me in 1883 saying:

“You are quite right about the African origin of Egyptians, and I have sent home a hundred skulls to prove it.” [Does anyone know what became of the skulls?]."

While still barbaric the point is, the captain realized the truth of the African nativity of Egypt. Egypt is in Africa remember that! The basis for all leadership and kingship is found in Africa so there must be an ORIGINAL and ancient place where the first leaders sprang from, right?

Let us continue with the quote:

“The African legends tell us that the Egyptian, Zulus and others looked backward to a land of the ‘papyrus reed’ as the primeval country of the human race, and that on this, as we shall see the Egyptians founded their circumpolar paradise in astronomical mythology.  There is a wide spread African tradition, especially preserved by the Kaffir [South African] tribes, that the primeval birthplace was a land of reeds.” 

Hummm… the PAPYRUS REED!  Did they have that plant in Europe?  Nope!

Reed procession

“The Zulus told the missionary Calloway that men originally ‘came out of a bed of reeds’.”  This birthplace was called “Uthlanga” named from reed. No one [of the Zulus] knew where it was, but all insisted that the natal reed-bed of the race was still extant [existed].”

What were similar stories that this story was derived from?
Creation Myths of Ancient Egypt:

There are several creation myths, which developed in various locations in Egypt. The myths all had at the center of their story a primordial mound know as the "Island of Creation."

"The Heliopolian Myth developed in Heliopolis and centered around Re-Atum as the key god figure. According to the myth, Re-Atum willed himself into existence. From him, Shu, the god of air and Tefnut, the god of moisture, were created. These two in turn had Geb, the earth god, and Nut, the sky god. From these the gods of the elements were able to produce creation. In turn, these two produced Osiris, Isis, Seth, and Nephthys. This myth was the most widely accepted and famous of the creation myths.

The Memphite Myth originated in Memphis. According to this myth it was Ptah who was the supreme creator god. According to this myth, Ptah was the one who started the cycle and not Re-Atum. From Ptah, a daughter was created who in turn created Re-Atum. According to this myth Ptah, was creator of the world, the gods, cities, food, drink, and all that was needed for life. This myth never did gain popular support among the majority of people in Egypt.

The Hermopolitan Myth was developed at Hermopolis. Here the god Thoth, god of wisdom, was the main player. There are several versions to this myth. One account has a group of eight gods all playing major roles in the creation from a primordial ocean. Another account has a cosmic egg as the source of life. Another account for the creation was Thoth coming from a lotus flower which arose in the "Sea of Knives."

Later, myths developed in the New Kingdom. One developed in Karnak at the temple of Amen-Re. This one claimed that Amen-Re was the creator of man and the gods. Another one in the new Kingdom from Khnum the ram headed god of Elephantine. This myth has Khnum creating man on his potters wheel.

Yoruba creation story:

In order to fully understand the significance of this metaphor, it must be noted that the Yoruba creation myth traces the origin of the human body to an archetypal sculpture (ere) modeled by the artist-deity Obatala and then activated by the divine breath (emi) of Olodumare, located in the sculpture's head. This creative process occurs inside a pregnant woman's body and takes about nine months to mature. According to the myth, every individual, before being born into the physical world, must proceed to the workshop of Ajalamopin, the heavenly potter, to choose one of several undifferentiated, ready-made Ori Inu, or "inner heads" on display in Ajalamopin's workshop. Each inner head contains Olodumare's àse (enabling power), and the one chosen by an individual predetermines his/her lot (ipin) in the physical world. 2 Hence the popular Yoruba slogan, Orilonise, "One's success or failure in life depends on the head." 3

An African Story of the Creation of Man:

"The latter symbolically describes the lineage through a palm nut, sent down to earth by the creator, that eventually grows into a tree with sixteen branches. The deity then created sixteen sons and grandsons for each of the branches to go off and establish kingdoms ("Cirriculum"). These two myths, as well as the other two, reveal the importance of the ancestors and has probably lead to the great amount of respect given to them."

Gilgamesh mention the reed bed not yet formed:


When there was no heaven,
no earth, no height, no depth, no name,
when Apsu was alone,
the sweet water, the first begetter; and Tiamat
the bitter water, and that
return to the womb, her Mummu,
when there were no gods-

When sweet and bitter
mingled together, no reed was plaited, no rushes
muddied the water,
the gods were nameless, natureless, futureless, then
from Apsu and Tiamat
in the waters gods were created, in the waters

Gilimma bound reeds in the face of the waters, He formed soil and poured it out beside the reeds.[5] [He][6] filled in a dike by the side of the sea, [He . . .] a swamp, he formed a marsh. [. . .], he brought into existence, [Reeds he form]ed,[7] trees he created.

Japanese Creation Story:

In the beginning, heaven and earth were not divided. Then, from the ocean of chaos, a reed arose, and that was the eternal land ruler, Kunitokotatchi.

Then came the female God, Izanami, and the male, Izanagi. They stood on the floating bridge of heaven and stirred the ocean with a jewelled spear until it curdled, and so created the first island, Onokoro. They built a house on this island, with a central stone pillar that is the backbone of the world. Izanami walked one way around the pillar, and Izanagi walked the other. When they met face to face, they united in marriage.

We see a central theme of the reed bed in many creation stories. The Reed or papyrus bed or mound signifies the first humans.

The Sky Nut and the Earth Geb from the Egyptian creation story:

"Beneath her stretched the ocean, in the center of which lay her husband Geb, the earth-god.  He is often seen leaning on one elbow, with a knee bent toward the sky, this is representative of the mountains and valleys of the earth. Green vegetation would sprout from Geb's brown or red body. "


Nut and Geb

Now, here is the larger point about all of it.  To be a leader you had to agree with the story, however it was told, added to and then retold. This story was always had a mound or bed attached to it, and that bed was papyrus, lotus or reed.

“It [the reed bed] in the Zulu story was a sign of the lofty lineage for the native aristocracy to claim the descent from ancient Uthlanga,the primeval land of birth.

Did you get that!  If you said you were from Uthlanga then you had a claim aristocracy.  If you could associate yourself or your ancestors to Uthlanga or claimed they ‘came out of the reed bed’ then you were part of the aristocracy [King, Queen, princes…etc.] and more able to rule in the minds of the people.  I believe Uthlanga was the mouth of the Nile [Uganda]. The Egyptians say man sprang from the center of the Earth -in this case the earth was the center of Africa.  They spoke of a small man [the Egyptians were tiny people too] that lived there -he was the father of us all.

Let us read further [no pun intended]:

“What indeed is the typical reed of Egypt, first in the upper, next in the lower land, but a symbol of the birthplace in the African bed of reeds? Lower Egypt called Uat in the hieroglyphics, as the same name as the   papyrus reed. Uati is the title of the great mother Isis who brought forth Child-Horus on his lap of the papyrus flower.  Uat is the Egyptian name   for Lower Egypt…Uat is the reed of Egypt, the papyrus reed, and a name of the most ancient mother in the Kamite [Khemet] mythology.”

To become part of, or prove your roots in the aristocracy you must associate yourself with the beginning of time and the Papyrus Reed symbolizing that time.  That reed bed is what you were identified with from the original land that first bore humankind.

Well, still don’t see it? 

Amen the Hidden

Godfrey Higgins the author of Anacalpysis said that the link of an original ‘black’ culture runs through every culture.  We made and awesome impression on the world and we still do! The concept of connection with the reed bed and reed nativity is not lost in the Biblical stories.

Then what of the story of Moses and the reed bed in Exodus.

“Finally the Pharaoh issued a command to all his people: "Take every newborn Hebrew boy and throw him into the Nile, but let all the girls live."


During this time, a man from the tribe of Levi married a woman of his own tribe, and she bore him a son.  When she saw what a fine baby he was, she hid him for   three months.  But when she could not hide him any longer, she took a basket made of reeds and covered it with tar to make it watertight.  She put the baby in it and then placed it in the tall grass [reeds] at the edge of the river.  The baby's sister stood some distance away to see what would happen to him.”

 "The Pharaoh’s daughter came down to the river to bathe, while her servants walked along the bank.  Suddenly she noticed the basket in the tall grass and sent a slave girl to get it.”


The princess opened it and saw a baby boy.  He was crying, and she felt sorry for him. "This is one of the Hebrew babies," she said Then his sister asked her, "Shall   I go and call a Hebrew woman to nurse the baby for you?"

 Here is the 'kicker' the name the princess bestowed on Moses:

"Please do," she answered.  So the girl went and brought the baby's own mother.  The princess told the woman, "Take this baby and nurse him for me, and I will pay you." So she took the baby and nursed him.  Later, when the child was old enough, she took him to the king's daughter, who adopted him as her own son.  She said to herself, "I pulled him out of the water, and so I name him Moses."

The Biblical Moses story had a marker of the reed boat and hidden in the reeds, to ratify his position as leader, prince and priest of Israel.  The story obeyed the ancient model and the Biblical Moses then had a natural right to lead and rule an African people in Africa based on the reeds.   The Israelites according to the Bible lived with the Egyptians for 400 years and believed what the Egyptians believed.

“ Hor-Apollo says to the Egyptians, “To denote ancient descent they signify rolls of papyrus, and they signify primeval food.’  This is the same symbol of the Zulus…the Egyptians continued to be eaters of the lotus and the papyrus shoot.’ Pg. 256, Egypt Light of the World -G. Massey.


In Egyptian mythology, the fields of Aaru (alternatives: Yaaru, Iaru, Aalu), are the heavenly underworld where Osiris ruled.

Only souls which weighed less than Ma'at (symbolically represented as a feather) were allowed to start a long and perilous journey to Aaru to exist in pleasure for all eternity.

"Aaru was usually placed in the east, where the sun rises, and is described as eternal reed fields, very much like those of the earthly Nile delta: an ideal hunting and fishing ground, and hence those deceased who after judgment were allowed to reside there were often called the [eternally] living, those excluded for the weight of their sins said to suffer a second death. More precisely Aaru was envisaged as a series of islands, covered in Fields of rushes (Sekhet Aaru), Aaru being the Egyptian word for rushes. The part where Osiris himself dwelt was sometimes known as the field of offerings, Sekhet Hetepet in Egyptian.



Papyrus plant


"Papyrus is an early form of paper made from the pith of the papyrus plant, Cyperus papyrus, a wetland sedge that grows to 5 meters (15 ft) in height and was once abundant in the Nile Delta of Egypt. Papyrus is first known to have been used in Ancient Egypt (at least as far back as the First dynasty), but it was also widely used throughout the Mediterranean region, as well as inland parts of Europe and south-west Asia."



Papyrus paper


"It is often claimed that Egyptians referred to papyrus as pa-per-aa [ "that which is of Pharaoh"], apparently denoting that the Egyptian crown owned a monopoly on papyrus production. However no actual ancient text using this term is known. In the Egyptian language papyrus was known by the terms wadj [w3ḏ], tjufy [ṯwfy], and djet [ḏt]. Thus in reality, Greek papuros has no known relation to any Egyptian word or phrase."

The Reed bed were Papyrus and not the reeds that are indigenous to England and America.  The translation of Reed instead of Papyrus confuses the story and tries to lead them in a direction that is not African. Although Africans do have reed beds the significance is put on the Papyrus that grows along the rivers in Africa - specifically the Nile.

We see the scroll that was made of Papyrus in Revelations and Ezekiel:

 “Rev. 10:1-5 Then I saw another mighty angel coming down from heaven. He was robed in a cloud, with a rainbow above his head; his face was like the sun, and his legs were like fiery pillars. He was holding a little scroll, which lay open in his hand. He planted his right foot on the sea and his left foot on the land, and he gave a loud shout like the roar of a lion. When he shouted, the voices of the seven thunders spoke. And when the seven thunders spoke, I was about to write; but I heard a voice from heaven say, "Seal up what the seven thunders have said and do not write it down." . . . Then the voice that I had heard from heaven spoke to me once more: "Go, take the scroll that lies open in the hand of the angel who is standing on the sea and on the land."

The sweet tasting scroll:

So I went to the angel and asked him to give me the little scroll. He said to me, "Take it and eat it. It will turn your stomach sour, but in your mouth it will be as sweet as honey." I took the little scroll from the angel's hand and ate it.  It tasted as sweet as honey in my mouth, but when I had eaten it, my stomach turned sour.    Then I was told, "You must prophesy again about many peoples, nations, languages and kings." Rev. 10:1-10

 The unrolled scroll:

“This is what the Sovereign LORD says.' 5And whether they listen or fail to listen…for they are a rebellious house --they will know that a prophet has been among them. 6And you, son of man, do not be afraid of them or their words. Do not be afraid, though briers and thorns are all around you and you live among scorpions. Do not be afraid of what they say or terrified by them, though they are a rebellious house. You must speak my words to them, whether they listen or fail to listen, for they are rebellious. But you, son of man, listen to what I say to you. Do not rebel like that rebellious house; open your mouth and eat what I give you." Then,  I looked, and I saw a hand stretched out to me. In it was a scroll, 1which he unrolled before me. On both sides of it were written words of lament and mourning and woe."

 The secrets of the scroll:

And he said to me, "Son of man, eat what is before you, eat this scroll; then go and speak to the house of Israel." So I opened my mouth, and he gave me the scroll to eat. Then he said to me, "Son of man, eat this scroll I am giving you and fill your stomach with it."  So, I ate it, and it tasted as sweet as honey in my mouth. He then said to me: "Son of man, go now to the house of Israel and speak my words to them.  Ezek.2: 3:1-5.

I think, the allusion to the scroll [papyrus, reed] relates to the nativity of the Israelites leadership claims woven into the prophecy of Ezekiel and it is in the book of the Revelations.  Remember - the Biblical story is layered.  Ezekiel had to remind them who they were as they continued in captivity.   In order for a man or woman who desires to be a leader, had been questioned about their leadership or a part of the aristocracy or to note that they are of royal lineage, they must related to the ancient ‘reed’.  Another item in kingly leadership is to be married or was adopted by a woman or man who had the proper lineage and credentials you desired, so that your sons/daughters would inherit all they posses [land, money, position, status, spiritual name].  This inheritance could span over the millennia founded in genealogy.

Each of the patriarchs of the biblical account would cite their pedigree.  The sons of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, the children of Israel under the leadership of Moses this has become synonymous with the ancient term ‘sons of god’ and the modern term ‘chosen people’. Pharaoh’s daughter adopted Moses and after his ‘Egyptian education’, he fled to Midian and married the daughter of a priest.  In actuality, biblical history had him married twice in both cases the women were Ethiopians. The first wife Zipporah the daughter of the priest of Midian, the second wife was called ‘the Ethiopian’ and extra-biblical accounts cal her said the Queen of Ethiopia in the Hebrew commentaries. Each marriage solidified his position and reign among the nations surrounding the Israelites.


Zulu maidens in Reed Dance

The name of Zipporah when researched is related to the stylus or the reed that the scribes used to write on the papyrus paper. Therefore, the biblical Moses was entrenched with the symbol of the ‘field of reeds’ as his natural authority, from his birth and adoption to his marriage.  Zipporah related back to the 'reed'.

A small reminder -in the Pharonic household male royalty could marry more than one woman - a common man had only one wife.   It was a blessing to have a child who reached the age of one year without dying. Infant mortality was high.  Only those of the house of royalty could enter in to the school system and that system for the priesthood was 40 years although some [foreigners] left after 15 years.  You were considered blessed to live to age 40 and the saying 'may he live to be 120 was popularly attributed to all who lived over 40 years of age REGARDLESS of how long they actually lived.

The African cultural markers are telling us that:

When we discover the ‘keys’ to interpret this African document we have called the Bible, then we will be able to shed light in the darkness and answer and reconcile those seemingly contradictory areas when and where we find them.



We must always remember:

African History is World History


 [Table of Contents]





Ekowa ©2006


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Edited by: Dr. Echengi Limbere



Encyclopedia Britannica

Ancient Egypt Light of the World, Part 1 – G. Massey

Anacalpysis -G. Higgins